Understanding Basic Accounting

Accounting is a fundamental aspect of any small or large scale business. Its primary purpose is to ensure correct financial records that help determine profit, loss, and the overall economic health of a company. For those new to business management, understanding basic accounting principles is key to their success. This article aims to provide an overview of basic accounting for beginners, highlighting essential concepts and tools, including the fixed asset manager QuickBooks software.

What is Basic Accounting?

Basic accounting refers to the process of systematically recording, analyzing, and interpreting financial transactions of a business. The ‘language of business,’ as it is often called, is all about understanding what the numbers say about a company’s economic status and where it is heading.

Basic Accounting Principles

Accounting is governed by a set of principles to ensure consistency and accuracy in financial reporting. These include:

  • Economic entity assumption: The business is separate from its owners.
  • Monetary Unit Assumption: All financial transactions are recorded in a stable currency.
  • Time period assumption: Financial statements are reported periodically.
  • Cost principle: Assets are reported at their original cost.

Types of Accounts

In basic accounting, there are five types of accounts- assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, and expenses. Assets are everything the company owns, while liabilities are the company’s debts. Equity refers to the ownership interest in the business. Revenue denotes the income generated from selling goods or services, and expenses are the costs incurred in the process of generating revenue.

The Accounting Equation

Underpinning every financial transaction in basic accounting is the accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Equity. This fundamental equation ensures every financial activity of a business is neatly balanced and accounted for correctly.

Double-Entry Bookkeeping

Both sides of the accounting equation reflect the system of double-entry bookkeeping, which means each business transaction affects at least two accounts. For example, if a business purchases equipment, it gains an asset (equipment), but also incurs a liability (payable on the equipment).

Fixed Asset Management

Fixed assets, such as machinery, buildings, or technology, are an essential part of many businesses. Managing these assets can be complicated, but modern software solutions make the task easier. One example of this is the fixed asset manager QuickBooks software.

The fixed asset manager QuickBooks software simplifies tracking and managing fixed assets, keeping a record of all assets, computing depreciation accurately, capturing asset disposition, and generating various reports. Using such a tool can ensure accuracy, save time, and provide deeper insights into your business’s financial health.


Understanding basic accounting is critical for anyone running a business or undertaking financial management. From simple transactions to asset management, every financial decision can substantially impact a business’s future. By adhering to accounting principles, understanding the accounting equation, properly managing fixed assets with tools like fixed asset manager QuickBooks software, you can form a strong financial foundation for your enterprise.